Cataract causes

One of the most common reasons for blurry vision as you age is cataracts. This yellow, foggy buildup on your eyes can demonstrably affect the way you see and can come into your life in a multitude of ways.


Cataracts are typically a natural result of aging as your lens change. However, certain risk factors can make this probability increase, such as:

  • Tobacco use
  • Alcohol use
  • Family history
  • Diabetes

Eye trauma

Injuries to the eye, specifically to the lens, can cause a traumatic cataract to form. This type of cataract can form immediately after the injury or it can form much later from blunt concussive force. Sports and workplace injuries to the head and face are among the most notable actions that can create this condition.


The rarest type of cataracts, pediatric cataracts, can be due to genes passed down from parents. Congenital cataracts occur during birth, but they can also develop later on. In addition, cataracts in children can also be due to complications in the womb that affect the lens.

Radiation and sun exposure

Those who spend a significant amount of time outside can be at risk of developing radiation cataracts. This type of cataract forms from ultraviolet rays from the sun that can affect the eyes without proper protection. Radiation cataracts can also develop in patients who undergo radiation cancer treatments.


Long-term usage of corticosteroid drugs to treat conditions like asthma and arthritis can lead to a unique type of cataract known as posterior subcapsular cataracts. This cataract develops under the lens and also limits vision during the day and night. Patients concerned about cataract development with their medication should consult with their physician to look at additional options.

Dr. Vipul Shah, a CEENTA ophthalmologist and cataract specialist from our Blakeney and Monroe offices, is an advocate for cataract surgery as a treatment option. "Everyone will develop cataracts at some point. Cataract surgery has now evolved to become quick and painless with minimal recovery time. Even better, we are now able to give patients excellent vision without the need for glasses, and many of them after surgery are seeing better than at any time in the past!"

If you or a loved one are dealing with cataracts from any of the above situations, schedule your next appointment with CEENTA. Our team of ophthalmologists and cataract surgeons can evaluate your eyes to see if you’re a candidate for treatment options including surgery. Make your appointment with Dr. Shah at our Blakeney or Monroe locations today for clear, cloud-free vision. 

This blog is for informational purposes only. For specific medical questions, please consult your doctor. New patients can make appointments online with our eye doctors in North and South Carolina. Current patients can also make appointments through myCEENTAchart with physicians they have already seen.


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