If any of the following statements apply to your child, you should strongly consider a complete audiologic evaluation regardless of the status of their universal newborn hearing screen results. It is vitally important that baseline information be obtained as early as possible.
- Family history of permanent childhood hearing loss
- In utero infection such as cytomegalovirus (CMV), rubella toxoplasmosis, or herpes
- Craniofacial abnormalities
- Neonatal indicators such as jaundice that require a blood transfusion, persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) associated with mechanical ventilation or conditions requiring the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)
- Postnatal infections associated with hearing loss such as bacterial meningitis
- Findings associated with a syndrome known to include hearing loss such as neurofibromatosis, steoporosis, and Usher’s syndrome
- Developmental delays including speech and motor skills